Adult Urology

What is Adult Urology​?

Also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. 


Urologists are physicians which have specialized in the field after completing their 4-year general degree in medicine and surgery, internships in surgery, residency in urology that is often 4 to 5 years, and some urologists complete additional training to supplement their general urology training. Subspecialties include neuro-urology or female urology, urologic oncology, endourology, and pediatric urology. This additional training can be 1-3 additional years.


  • training in open and minimally invasive surgical techniques
  • employing real-time ultrasound guidance
  • fiber-optic endoscopic equipment
  • various lasers in the treatment of multiple benign and malignant conditions.

Organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis).

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other. Thus a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders.